Crowding: Effects of Group Size, Room Size, or Density?


  • Glenda Y. Nogami

    1. Universität Bielefeld, Germany
    Search for more papers by this author
    • 1

      Requests for reprints should be sent to Dr. G. Y. Nogami, Department of Psychology, Universitat Bielefeld, 4800 Bielefeld 1, Germany.


The separate effects of group size, room size, and density (space per person) were investigated for subjects responding interactively or coactively to perceptual and cognitive tasks. The major findings are that crowding has greater effects on “feelings” and “interpersonal perceptions” than on task performance. Where crowding did have effects, they appeared to be mediated more by group size and, to some degree, room size than by density, especially for males. Female subjects appeared somewhat more density oriented than male subjects.