Environmental Influences on Aggression: The Effects of Darkness and Proximity of Victim

Authors

  • Richard A. Page,

    1. Wright State University
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    • 1

      Requests for reprints should be sent to Richard Page, Department of Psychology, Wriht State University, Dayton, Ohio 45431.

  • Martin K. Moss

    1. Wright State University
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    • 2

      The authors wish to express their appreciation to Arthur Mercer, David Erbaugh, and Robert DUM for their able assistance in the collection of data, and Leslie Melamed for helpful wmments on the manuscript.


Abstract

It was hypothesized that darkness acts as a disinhibitor, and that subjects would deliver higher intensity shocks to a victim in a dimly lit setting than in a brightly lit setting. It was also predicted that this effect would be greater when subject and victim were in close proximity than when they were isolated from each other. The results supported these predictions. It was suggested that lighting may have important effects on social behaviors, and that further research on the influences of lighting on human behavior is needed.

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