The guidance and valuable suggestions of Otto Pollak, Marvin Sachs, and Jerry Starr of the University of Pennsylvania during this research are gratefully acknowledged. The authors also wish to thank Steven Cades, of The Catholic University of America, for his helpful comments.
Smoking Behavior Development and Modification: An Empirical Application of Three Social Psychological Theories1
Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 6, Issue 4, pages 369–386, December 1976
How to Cite
Wetzel Erickson, L. G. and Cramer, J. A. (1976), Smoking Behavior Development and Modification: An Empirical Application of Three Social Psychological Theories. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 6: 369–386. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1976.tb02412.x
- Issue online: 31 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Three major social psychological theories were applied to data obtained in interviews with a random sample of 50 exsmokers and 50 smokers. The objective was to test the utility of these theories with respect to smoking behavior development and change. The results provided strong support for the hypotheses derived from reference group theory and partial support for the cognitive dissonance and psychoanalytic hypotheses.