Requests for reprints should be sent to Dr. Anthony E. Harris, Department of Sociology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Mass. 01003.
The Induction of Self-Reliance: An Experimental Study of Independence in the Face of Failure*
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 7, Issue 4, pages 313–331, December 1977
How to Cite
Harris, A., Tessler, R. and Potter, J. (1977), The Induction of Self-Reliance: An Experimental Study of Independence in the Face of Failure. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 7: 313–331. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1977.tb00756.x
This research was supported in part by an NIH Biomedical Sciences Support Grant to the Graduate Research Council of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Additional research assistance was provided by the Joint Laboratory in Social Interaction and Communications Studies, University of Massachusetts. The authors are grateful to Robert K. Leik for his comments on an earlier draft of this paper.
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
The development of dependency, rather than autonomy, in professional and paraprofessional helping relationships represents a practical and theoretical problem. In the present research an attempt is made experimentally to examine this issue from the viewpoint of the self-perception hypothesis. From this perspective, immersion in the successful helping dyad was expected to foster an increased belief in self as other-reliant, and, through cognitive balance, a lessened belief in self as self-reliant. The fiidings indicate that such different dimensions of help as intensity, duration, and choice variously affect these attributions to self, and that these attributions in turn affect the strength of behavioral independence when failure is encountered outside the helping dyad. Some practical and theoretical implications are discussed concerning the role of induction from self-performance in mapping self-related beliefs.