Requests for reprints should be sent to James A. Blumenthal, Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710.
Task Incentives, Type A Behavior Pattern, and Verbal Problem Solving Performance1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 10, Issue 2, pages 101–114, April 1980
How to Cite
Blumenthal, J. A., McKee, D. C., Haney, T. and Williams, R. B. (1980), Task Incentives, Type A Behavior Pattern, and Verbal Problem Solving Performance. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 10: 101–114. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1980.tb00696.x
This research was supported in part by a training grant from the National Institute of Mental Health, MH 14660–02.
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
A laboratory experiment was conducted to investigate the interaction between task incentives and the Type A behavior pattern in determining performance during a task of verbal problem solving. The results indicated that Type A subjects responded more quickly and more frequently than their Type B counterparts. In addition, evidence suggested that a situational characteristic–whether instructions offered a monetary reward or served as an evaluative stressor–affected subjects differently depending on their behavior pattern classification. These findings suggest that Pattern A behavior occurs as a response to challenges signifying the potential for reward as well as a threat of failure. Implications for future research emphasize the need to investigate the characteristics of the situation and the task, as well as the individual.