This research was supported in part by an LEAA Graduate Research Fellowship (N77-NI-99-0039). The author wishes to thank both Paul Schollaert and Garland White for the advice, suggestions, and time they gave in the preparation of this paper.
The Impact of Time Proximity and Level of Generality on Attitude-Behavior Consistency1
Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 12, Issue 2, pages 151–168, April 1982
How to Cite
Katz, J. (1982), The Impact of Time Proximity and Level of Generality on Attitude-Behavior Consistency. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 12: 151–168. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1982.tb00856.x
- Issue online: 31 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
This study examines the effects of (1) generality equivalence between attitudinal and behavioral entities and (2) the order and proximity of the attitude and behavior questions on the observed relationship between attitudes and behavior. The behaviors examined are sentence recommendations for six hypothetical defendants. The sample is composed of 185 line probation officers from New York State. The variables chosen conform to Martin Fishbein's model of behavioral intentions. As predicted, the observed relationship is affected by both level of specificity and proximity of the questions. Order of the questions has little effect.