The authors are indebted to Judith Smith for calling attention to the labeling phenomenon, and to R. Glen Hass, David Rindskopf, and Herbert Saltzstein for valuable comments and suggestions.
Why Are Human Subjects Less Concerned About Ethically Problematic Research Than Human Subjects Committees?1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 12, Issue 3, pages 209–221, June 1982
How to Cite
Smith, C. P. and Berard, S. P. (1982), Why Are Human Subjects Less Concerned About Ethically Problematic Research Than Human Subjects Committees?. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 12: 209–221. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1982.tb00860.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Factors affecting judgments of the ethical acceptability of research practices are investigated. The major focus is on two variables affecting information processing-labeling and salience. In addition, the effect of role on judgments is also examined. Participants were 204 introductory psychology students. Each reacted to a brief description of Asch's conformity study either from the viewpoint of a potential subject or from that of a member of a Human Subjects Committee. Each subject read either a basic description of the Asch experiment, a description with parenthetical labels inserted, or the basic version plus an addendum noting those aspects of the procedure that involved deception or stress, and specifying that debriefing would occur. Significant differences due to versions occurred on two of six questions: “Should this experiment be permitted?” and “Is the deception justified by the scientific purpose of the experiment?” As expected, judgments were less favorable in response to the label and addendum versions. The effect of labeling and salience on judgment are discussed, and the implications of the results for Human Subjects Committees are pointed out.