This research was supported in part by National Science Foundation Grant BNS 77- 27476 to the second author. We are indebted to the Psychology faculty at Florida A & M University for their help in recruiting subjects and to George Weaver, Melissa WolfsKeil, Gina Oliva, Kent Miller, Linda Giesbrecht-Bettoli and, especially, Dallas Williams and Darryl Bruce, for their valuable assistance at various stages of the research.
Recognition of Faces: Own-Race Bias, Incentive, and Time Delay1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 12, Issue 4, pages 255–268, August 1982
How to Cite
Barkowitz, P. and Brigham, J. C. (1982), Recognition of Faces: Own-Race Bias, Incentive, and Time Delay. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 12: 255–268. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1982.tb00863.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
The ability of whites and blacks to correctly identify previously-seen faces of each race was assessed in a factorial design varying the length of time between inspection and recognition phases (immediate, 2 days, or 7 days) and incentive (possibility of monetary reward for accurate recognition). Recognition of faces of males was poorer after the longer time delays, but no comparable delay over time occurred for pictures of females. Subjects' criteria for responding became more lax after the longer time delays. Incentive had no significant direct impact on recognition accuracy or on subjects' criterion levels. A significant degree of own-race bias in recognition accuracy occurred, but only among whtte subjects. An own-race bias in response criteria occurred with subjects of both races. Implications of these findings are discussed.