This research is based in part upon the doctoral dissertations of the first two authors conducted under the supervision of the third author. The authors would like to thank Charles S. Carver, Philip McCabe, and Neil Schneiderman for their comments on previous versions of this manuscript.
Cardiovascular Responses to Television-Mediated Nonverbal Approach1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 13, Issue 1, pages 17–30, February 1983
How to Cite
Janik, S. W., Goldberg, M. L. and Wellens, A. R. (1983), Cardiovascular Responses to Television-Mediated Nonverbal Approach. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 13: 17–30. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1983.tb00884.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Two studies are reported which examined physiological responsiveness to changes in level of nonverbal intimacy cues expressed by a partner during an interview conducted across interactive television. Experiment 1 and Experiment 2 separately examined the effects of decreasing apparent interactive distance (produced by alteration of image size) and increasing eye-contact on subjects' heart rate and pulse amplitude. The findings suggest that shifts in these nonverbal approach cues are related to cardiovascular changes including bradycardia and a modest compensatory increase in pulse amplitude. The implications of these results are discussed in terms of the hypothesized relationship between cardiovascular functioning and information processing and practical considerations for the use of interactive television.