This research was supported by the Social Science Research Council, London. Assistance from Penny Friend, Gemma Hilton, and Kevin Friery is gratefully acknowledged. Thanks are also due to Forest Hill School, London, and St. Thomas's High School, Exeter.
Attitudinal and Social Factors in Adolescent Smoking: In Search of Peer Group Influence1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 14, Issue 4, pages 348–363, August 1984
How to Cite
Eiser, J. R. and van der Pligt, J. (1984), Attitudinal and Social Factors in Adolescent Smoking: In Search of Peer Group Influence. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14: 348–363. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1984.tb02243.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
The smoking attitudes and behavior of two samples of British 15-year-olds (N = 278) were studied by questionnaire. “Smokers” (anyone who had smoked at all within the previous week) held less negative attitudes about smoking, were more likely to have a father who smoked, and anticipated less parental disapproval of their smoking. When asked to name their five best friends among their classmates, smokers were more likely to name other smokers than were nonsmokers. On the basis of these results, we argue that the notion of “peer group influence” should be reconceptualized in terms of intergroup processes and social identity concerns within the peer group.