The author would like to thank Merrill May for his helpful comments on earlier drafts of this article and for providing assistance with the statistical analysis of the data.
Perceived Symbols of Authority and Their Influence on Compliance†
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 14, Issue 6, pages 501–508, December 1984
How to Cite
Bushman, B. J. (1984), Perceived Symbols of Authority and Their Influence on Compliance. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14: 501–508. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1984.tb02255.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
There are many variables that influence compliance. With regard to individuals making requests of others, Bickman (1974) found that the apparel of the person making the request significantly influenced whether another person complied with the request. This study evaluates other factors such as sex, age, and altruism in compliance. Subjects were involved in a replication of Bickman's dime and parking meter study. Results showed that the dress of the perceived authority not only affected the number of subjects who complied but also the type of compliance, the type of noncompliance, and the latency between request and compliance. Also, older subjects complied significantly more often than younger subjects in the role authority condition.