The author would like to thank Dr. George Goethals and two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on an earlier verison of this manuscript.
Participation in Religious Groups as a Function of Group Composition: A Self-Attention Perspective1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 14, Issue 6, pages 509–518, December 1984
How to Cite
Mullen, B. (1984), Participation in Religious Groups as a Function of Group Composition: A Self-Attention Perspective. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14: 509–518. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1984.tb02256.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
A self-attention approach to the effect of the group on the individual is applied to the phenomenon of participation in religious groups. Previous work indicates that group members become more self-attentive, and thus more concerned with matching to standards of appropriate behavior, as the relative size of their subgroup decreases. This suggests that, in the context of religious groups, members of a congregation will be more self-attentive, and thus more likely to participate in the religious group, when there are fewer congregation members relative to the number of ministers. The results of analysis of ten archival records of participation in religious groups support this perspective. The importance of self-attention processes in religious group settings is discussed.