Requests for reprints should be sent to Dr. Robert Stretch, Defense and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine, 1133 Sheppard Ave. W., P.O. Box 2000, Downsview, Ontario, Canada M3M 3B9.
Incidence and Etiology of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Among Active Duty Army Personnel1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 16, Issue 6, pages 464–481, September 1986
How to Cite
Stretch, R. H. (1986), Incidence and Etiology of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Among Active Duty Army Personnel. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 16: 464–481. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1986.tb01153.x
The author would like to thank Ed Marshall, Bill Rigney, Nate Williams, and especially Al Taylor for their assistance in data collection and coding; also Mike Camp and Caren Carney for their helpful comments.
The author completed this work while at the Department of Military Psychology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307.
The opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Army or the Department of Defense.
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
A description is presented of the results of the first phase of a programmatic research effort into the incidence and etiology of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among noncivilian Vietnam and Vietnam-Era veterans. Questionnaire data were collected from 238 Vietnam veterans and 85 Vietnam-Era veterans stationed at a moderate-sized U.S. Army post on the East Coast in the Spring of 1982. Results show a significantly lower incidence of PTSD than has been reported in the literature among civilian Vietnam veterans. Social support received during the first year back from Vietnam appears to contribute more to the attenuation of PTSD symptomatology than does combat experience alone. Additional results highlight the relationship between physical and psychosocial health.