Portions of this article were presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Los Angeles, CA, August 25, 1985. The authors wish 10 thank the many undergraduates who served as data coders and Eugene Oetting for his many helpful comments and suggestions.
In the Eye of the Beholder: Accounting for Variability in Attitudes and Cognitive/Affective Reactions Toward the Threat of Nuclear War1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 17, Issue 11, pages 927–952, November 1987
How to Cite
Hamilton, S. B., Knox, T. A., Keilin, W. G. and Chavez, E. L. (1987), In the Eye of the Beholder: Accounting for Variability in Attitudes and Cognitive/Affective Reactions Toward the Threat of Nuclear War. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17: 927–952. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1987.tb00299.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
The present study was designed to evaluate four characteristics of subjects [i.e., generation (students vs. parents), gender, nuclear threat orientation, and political affiliation] in terms of potential differences in attitudes and cognitive/affective reactions toward the threat of nuclear war. Subjects were 297 college students and their parents (n= 546), who completed a multifaceted questionnaire concerning nuclear-related thoughts, feelings, opinions, and predictions. Multivariate analyses suggested that college students were more distressed than parents about the threat of nuclear war, that men were less anxious than women and more supportive of a “peace through strength” perspective, that individuals endorsing the Disarmist orientation were more worried about nuclear war yet more optimistic than other groups concerning their ability to help reduce the nuclear threat, and that Republicans and Democrats were split along party lines in terms of their attitudes and cognitive/affective responses. Results are discussed with regard to the potential influence of sex-role socialization processes and the importance of optimism in a nuclear world.