This research was supported by the National Center for Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health, under grant number R01 NE01007.
Social Support and Depression in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A One-Year Prospective Study1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 19, Issue 14, pages 1164–1181, October 1989
How to Cite
Brown, G. K., Wallston, K. A. and Nicassio, P. M. (1989), Social Support and Depression in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A One-Year Prospective Study. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 19: 1164–1181. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1989.tb01245.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Previous research on patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has suggested that social support is beneficial for helping patients to adjust psychologically to the chronic and unpredictable episodes of pain. This study addresses whether support buffers the adverse effects of arthritis pain or whether support results in a decrease in the severity of pain regardless of pain levels in 233 RA patients. The results indicated that patients who reported higher satisfaction with their emotional support when experiencing higher levels of pain were less likely to be depressed than patients who do not perceive such support. The results were obtained after controlling the effects of demographic variables, functional disability variables, and the direct effects of pain and social support. However, moderating effects of emotional support were not found when this relationship was examined over a 6-month period. Rather, causal modeling suggested that both pain and emotional support contributed to a change in depression over two 6-month intervals. The results also suggested that depression may have an adverse effect on change in emotional support over a similar time frame.