The Effects of Job Title and Task Composition on Job and Incumbent Perceptions1


  • 1

    The authors would like to thank Kevin R. Murphy and George Thornton for their helpful comments.


The contribution of job content and job title to the gender-related perceptions of a job and an incumbent was examined. Two hundred thirty subjects were asked to rate job descriptions that varied in job title (masculine or feminine) and in the proportion of masculine and feminine tasks, using four dependent measures. Results indicated a job title and a job content main effect for three of the four dependent measures (ratings of the gender-type of the job, of most probable incumbent, and of probable success). There were no job title × job content interactions. The findings suggested that job title and job content contributed independently to the overall perceptions of a job. Implications for future research are discussed.