Requests for reprints should be sent to Paul A. Bell, Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO 80523.
Heat and Violence in the Dallas Field Data: Linearity, Curvilinearity, and Heteroscedasticity1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 19, Issue 17, pages 1479–1482, December 1989
How to Cite
Bell, P. A. and Fusco, M. E. (1989), Heat and Violence in the Dallas Field Data: Linearity, Curvilinearity, and Heteroscedasticity. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 19: 1479–1482. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1989.tb01459.x
The authors express their sincere appreciation to Keith D. Harries and Stephen J. Stadler for providing a portion of their data set.
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Harries and Stadler (1988) observed only a positive linear trend, with no curvilinear relationship, between heat and violence in their 1980–81 Dallas field data. When Cotton (1986) observed similar trends in his data, we noted that in fact the variance in violence increases with temperature (Bell & Fusco, 1986). We report here similar statistically significant heteroscedasticity in the Harries and Stadler data. We propose that both aggressive and escape tendencies increase with high ambient temperatures, such that in some circumstances aggression will decline under very hot and uncomfortable conditions. We conclude that the negative affect escape model of the temperature-aggression relationship is neither dead cold nor hot and bothered.