Requests for reprints should be sent to Lt. Col. Zahava Solomon, Ph.D., Department of Mental Health, Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces, Military P.O. Box 02149, Israel.
Does the War End When the Shooting Stops? The Psychological Toll of War1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 20, Issue 21, pages 1733–1745, December 1990
How to Cite
Solomon, Z. (1990), Does the War End When the Shooting Stops? The Psychological Toll of War. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20: 1733–1745. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1990.tb01508.x
Zahava Solomon is also at Tel Aviv University, School of Social Work.
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
The unremitting conflict between Israel and its neighbors has created a situation that often exposes soldiers to the repeated stress of a number of wars. Studies conducted by the Research Branch of the Mental Health Department in the Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps have focused on the long-term mental health effects of such trauma. This article brings together the findings of a recent series of studies that examine the effects of both single and repeated exposure to the stress of battle, in terms of: (a) psychiatric breakdowns on the battlefield (Combat Stress Reaction); (b) enduring symptomatology (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder); and (c) the reactivation of previous traumas. Additional findings highlight the transgenerational effects of trauma as evidenced in the susceptibility of offspring of Holocaust survivors to combat stress reactions.