Requests for reprints should be sent to Edward McAuley, University of Illinois, Department of Kinesiology, Louise Freer Hall, Urbana, Il 61820.
Self-Efficacy Relationships With Affective and Exertion Responses to Exercise1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 22, Issue 4, pages 312–326, February 1992
How to Cite
McAuley, E. and Courneya, K. S. (1992), Self-Efficacy Relationships With Affective and Exertion Responses to Exercise. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 22: 312–326. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1992.tb01542.x
This research was supported by a Public Health Research Grant (#AG07907) from the National Institute on Aging to the first author.
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
This study examined the relationship of preexisting efficacy for exercise with perceptions of effort expenditure and in-task affect during exercise testing. Subjects comprised sedentary, middle-aged adults participating in a submaxi-mal cycle ergometer-graded exercise test. Perceptions of efficacy were assessed prior to and following exercise testing while perceptions of effort expenditure and in-task affect were assessed at 70% of predicted maxim heart rate. Highly efficacious subjects had lower perceptions of effort expenditure and reported more positive affect during exercise than did their less efficacious counterparts. Affective responses during exercise were in turn significant predictors of posttest self-efficacy. These results are discussed in regard to the importance of examining the role of personal efficacy in the formation of exercise-related affect and affective responses as sources of efficacy or competence information in exercise.