Adolescent Type A Characteristics and Socially Problematic Behaviors1

Authors


  • 1

    This research was supported by NIAAA Grant No. AA07861 awarded to Michael Windle. The authors wish to thank two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on an earlier draft.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Alan Reifman or Michael Windle, Research Institute on Addictions, 1021 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14203.

Abstract

Researchers have increasingly advocated social and developmental psychology perspectives to studying Type A behavior to increase understanding of how it emerges and of how Type A individuals’ entry into different naturalistic social situations may exacerbate their stress reactions. As an initial step in these directions, we tested structural equation models relating components of Type A behavior in adolescents to childhood and adolescent socially problematic behaviors. Results from two high-school district cohorts (Ns = approximately 300 and 700) showed that impatience, hostility, and leadership all were related to childhood problems, but that only impatience predicted an adolescent problem (conflict with friends).

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