This article was based on a portion of a doctoral dissertation completed at the University of California, Davis, in June 1991. The research on which this article is based was partially supported by a grant from the Women's Resource and Research Center at the University of California, Davis. I gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Pamela Wood, Stephanie Shields, Peter Bradlee, Alan Elms, Robert Emmons, Claudia Geer, Gregory Herek, Geoff Ho, Joel Johnson, Laura King, Melonie Linfiaco, Bettina Murphy, Monica Murray, Laura Ruberto, Maria Salinas, Johanna Shapiro, Pamela Steinke, and Karen Toy in various phases of the project upon which this article is based. This article was written while Angela Simon was a postdoctoral fellow in the Emotion Research Training Program (National Institute of Mental Health grant MH18935) at the University of Oregon.
Judgments of a Woman's Emotions: The Influence of Observer Attitudes1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 24, Issue 3, pages 251–259, February 1994
How to Cite
Simon, A. (1994), Judgments of a Woman's Emotions: The Influence of Observer Attitudes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24: 251–259. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1994.tb00581.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
The influence that observers' attitudes toward lesbians have on their judgments of a lesbian target's emotional display was examined. In Phase One, college undergraduates' attitudes toward lesbians were measured. In Phase Two, 185 subjects returned and viewed a videotape in which a female target described as a lesbian, a novel individual, or a heterosexual, responded to an interviewer's questions regarding her recent romantic breakup. The subjects then judged the appropriateness of the target's display of 11 emotions. Contrary to predictions, attitudinally negative subjects evaluated the Lesbian target as highly appropriate. The potential applications of this result for social psychologists interested in examining the contact hypothesis, as well as for outgroup members themselves, are discussed.