An Analysis of the Influence of Work Environment Variables and Moderators on the Burnout Syndrome

Authors


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to David L. Turnipseed, Indiana-Purdue University, School of Business & Management Sciences, Department of Management, Neff 340, Fort Wayne, IN 46805.

Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between component factors of the work environment and burnout. Age, time on the job, and the intensity of religious beliefs were hypothesized to moderate the work environment/burnout linkage. The Work Environment Scale (Moos, 1986) was used to assess the work environment, and burnout was measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson, 1986). Results identified peer cohesion, work pressure, supervisor support, job clarity, and autonomy as work environment variables which are linked to burnout. Age, time on the job, and the intensity of religious beliefs moderated the influence of the work environment on burnout. Results are discussed with respect to organizational effectiveness and management.

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