We would like to thank Linda Argote, Beth Dietz, John Levine, Paul Paulus, and Laurie Weingart for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.
Sources of Resistance to Mergers Between Groups1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 24, Issue 13, pages 1150–1178, July 1994
How to Cite
Haunschild, P. R., Moreland, R. L. and Murrell, A. J. (1994), Sources of Resistance to Mergers Between Groups. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24: 1150–1178. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1994.tb01549.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Workers involved in a business merger often display strong ingroup/outgroup biases that can threaten the merger's success. Social identity theory helps to explain why and when such problems will occur. Using that theory, strong cohesion and successful performance were identified as two characteristics of a workgroup that should increase its resistance to a merger. An experiment involving mergers between small task groups was conducted to test this claim. Each group's cohesion and performance was used to predict its enthusiasm for a merger before it occurred, and any ingroup/outgroup biases that it displayed afterwards. Cohesion was unrelated to either of these measures, but as we predicted, more successful groups were less enthusiastic and displayed stronger biases. Relative rather than absolute success was an especially good predictor of merger resistance. The results were discussed within the context of social identity theory, which generated several suggestions for further research on business mergers.