The research was supported by a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) to Donald M. Taylor. The authors thank Kevin Dunbar for his assistance in the application of protocol-analysis, and Melinda Morros for her help with data analyses. The order of authorship was determined alphabetically.
The Personal/Group Discrimination Discrepancy: Women Talk About Their Experiences1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 24, Issue 20, pages 1806–1826, October 1994
How to Cite
Ruggiero, K. M. and Taylor, D. M. (1994), The Personal/Group Discrimination Discrepancy: Women Talk About Their Experiences. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24: 1806–1826. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1994.tb01576.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Participants in research on discrimination consistently rate discrimination directed at their group higher than at themselves personally as a member of that group. In order to examine this personal/group discrimination discrepancy, women were asked to spontaneously verbalize their thoughts as they made ratings for personal and group discrimination on 11-point scales. In Study 1, university women who raised a greater number of life domains for group discrimination than for personal discrimination showed a larger personal/group discrimination discrepancy because of lower ratings for personal discrimination. An analysis of participants' protocols revealed that many attended to different domains when rating personal and group discrimination, and that these participants showed a larger personal/group discrimination discrepancy because of lower ratings for personal discrimination. Participants' ratings for group discrimination did not differ as a function of the number or content of the domains. The findings were replicated in Study 2 with working women, and are identified as two contributing factors to the personal/group discrimination discrepancy. The societal implications of the results are discussed in terms of the tendency for disadvantaged group members to downplay their personal experience with discrimination because it does not fit the stereotype of what is being experienced by the group.