This paper was presented at the annual conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, April 1994, Nashville, Tennessee.
Distinguishing Context Effects From Context Errors in Judgments of Behavior1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 25, Issue 18, pages 1637–1651, September 1995
How to Cite
Maurer, T. J., Palmer, J. K. and Lisnov, S. S. (1995), Distinguishing Context Effects From Context Errors in Judgments of Behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25: 1637–1651. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1995.tb02637.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Context effects (assimilation and contrast) are examined in relation to accuracy in judgments of stimuli. Context effects are distinguished from context errors. This is shown to depend on one's definition of true scores, rater tendencies (leniency-severity) relative to true scores, and the direction and magnitude of observed context effects. The framework is illustrated empirically in a study of contrast effects involving performance judgments. Implications for reliability, validity, and agreement of behavior judgments in practice are explored.