I gratefully acknowledge the guidance and comments of Monica Harris and two anonymous reviewers on earlier drafts of this article.
Stigma Associated With AIDS: A Meta-Analysis1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 26, Issue 5, pages 398–416, March 1996
How to Cite
Crawford, A. M. (1996), Stigma Associated With AIDS: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 26: 398–416. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1996.tb01856.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Results of 21 studies determined the degree of stigma associated with AIDS compared to the degree of stigma associated with other comparable conditions. Focused contrast analyses indicate a greater degree of stigma expressed toward individuals with AIDS than toward individuals with other comparable illnesses (r= .22), with college students (r= .23) expressing a slightly higher degree of stigma than health professionals (r= .10). A greater degree of stigma was obtained with scales measuring intended social interaction (r= .26) than was obtained with scales containing items measuring attitudes and values (r= .16). Effect sizes did not differ significantly as a function of the type of control condition used.