Does the belief in equality correlate significantly with democratic leadership intentions? The belief in equality is defined as a set of assumptions that human ability and potential are widely distributed rather than being concentrated in the most highly educated. A reliable and valid inventory was developed to measure the belief in equality (BE). Two separate samples were studied—one of college students (N= 201) and the other composed of blue- and white-collar workers (N= 192). High BE participants exhibited higher democratic leadership intentions than did low BE participants on 6 paper-and-pencil leadership tasks (p < .0001). The equality construct was found to be relatively independent of authoritarianism.