This research is the U.S. portion of identical cross-cultural studies being coordinated by the first author in Heidelberg, Warsaw, Moscow, and the U.S. The study was supported by the Senior Studies Program at Westminster College. We thank Manfred Amelang and Jay Hall for their constructive suggestions in preparing the manuscript.
The Effect of the Belief in Equality on Democratic Leadership Intent1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 26, Issue 7, pages 652–656, April 1996
How to Cite
Gray, D. B. and Mizener, D. S. (1996), The Effect of the Belief in Equality on Democratic Leadership Intent. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 26: 652–656. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1996.tb02736.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Does the belief in equality correlate significantly with democratic leadership intentions? The belief in equality is defined as a set of assumptions that human ability and potential are widely distributed rather than being concentrated in the most highly educated. A reliable and valid inventory was developed to measure the belief in equality (BE). Two separate samples were studied—one of college students (N= 201) and the other composed of blue- and white-collar workers (N= 192). High BE participants exhibited higher democratic leadership intentions than did low BE participants on 6 paper-and-pencil leadership tasks (p < .0001). The equality construct was found to be relatively independent of authoritarianism.