This research and the preparation of this manuscript have been supported by grants from the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Mental Health to Mark Snyder. We thank the Gallup Organization for providing us with data from the January 1993 survey on the issue of homosexuals in the military. The authors would like to thank Steve Asche, Marti Hope Gonzales, Lynne Mobilio, Jennifer Silverman, and Art Stukas for their thoughtful comments on this manuscript. In addition, the authors would like to thank Steve Asche and Steve Gangestad for their generous statistical advice and counsel. Portions of the research reported here were presented at the annual convention of the Midwestern Psychological Association (Chicago, May 1994).
Attitudes Toward “Gays in the Military”: A Functional Perspective1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 27, Issue 4, pages 306–329, February 1997
How to Cite
Wynan, M. and Mark, S. (1997), Attitudes Toward “Gays in the Military”: A Functional Perspective. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27: 306–329. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1997.tb00634.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
The functions associated with attitudes toward gays in the military were investigated. In Study I, secondary analyses of data compiled by the Gallup Organization indicated that ego-defensive and value-expressive functions are associated with attitudes toward lifting the ban on homosexuals in the military. In Study 2, results from a questionnaire specifically designed to assess reasons to lift or keep the ban replicated the findings of Study 1. In addition, Study 2 indicated that the functions both uniquely contribute to the prediction of attitudinal stance. Results from both studies indicated that approval of lifting the ban was associated with the endorsement of value-expressive reasons to lift the ban and the rejection of ego-defensive and value-expressive reasons to keep the ban; by contrast, disapproval of lifting the ban was associated with the endorsement of ego-defensive and value-expressive reasons to keep the ban and the rejection of value-expressive reasons to lift the ban. Results are discussed in terms of the implications for the functional approach to attitudes and persuasion.