The authors thank Fritz Drasgow and Tim Liao for their help with analytic planning, and two anonymous reviewers for helpful suggestions.
Employee Reactions to the Physical Work Environment: The Role of Childhood Residential Attributes1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 28, Issue 24, pages 2213–2238, December 1998
How to Cite
Zhou, J., Oldham, G. R. and CUMMINGS, A. (1998), Employee Reactions to the Physical Work Environment: The Role of Childhood Residential Attributes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28: 2213–2238. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1998.tb01368.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
This study examines the possibility that 2 employee background attributes, childhood residential density and childhood community type, moderate relations between characteristics of the physical work environment and employee responses. Administrative employees (N= 75) from 25 offices of a university participated in the research. Results demonstrate that employees from high-density childhood residences and urban communities exhibited more positive responses as adults (i. e., higher performance and lower crowding) to high-contact work environments (i. e., those characterized by few enclosures, high spatial density, and close interpersonal distance) than employees from other combinations of childhood residential density and community type. Results also suggest that the contributions of residential density and community type were somewhat accounted for by individual differences in social avoidance tendencies and noise sensitivities.