HIV Locus of Control and Adaptation to Seropositivity1


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    The authors wish to thank the participants who took part in this study for their time and interest, as well as the persons who assisted with data collection (Ursula Brandt, Susan Clasby, Laura Hartford, Cecilia Johnson, John Kozjak, John Newby, Tina Roller, Allison Schockner, Mickey Smith, and Dierdre Tateishi) and analysis (Tor-Lai Wong and Bill Koch). Thanks also are extended to Ellen Nannis, Lydia Temoshok, Don Burke, and John Lowe for their institutional support, and to the two anonymous reviewers whose comments helped strengthen the paper's content. This research was supported by a cooperative agreement between the Henry M. Jackson Foundation and the Department of Defense (DOD #DAMD 17-93-V-3004). The opinions and assertions contained herein are those of the authors and are not necessarily the views of the Henry M. Jackson Foundation or the Department of Defense.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Richard A. Jenkins, USAMCAFRIMS, APO, AP 96546-5000. e-mail: or


The role of HIV locus of control in adaptation to HIV disease was evaluated in a sample of 588 military medical beneficiaries with predominantly asymptomatic, early stage HIV infection. Cluster analysis yielded 4 configurations of HIV locus of control, with high levels of depression related to a cluster where internal and powerful others control were highly endorsed. External attributions of control generally appeared more adaptive. Results are discussed in relation to Rotter's social learning theory and its implications for adaptive aspects of locus of control.