This manuscript is based in part on data presented at the fifth annual American Psychological Society Conference, Chicago, IL. Appreciation is extended to Daniel J. Bernstein, University of Nebraska–Lincoln, for numerous readings and helpful comments, and to Allen Ketteler for help in data collection. Portions of this work were completed while the author was at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. The author is now at Le Moyne College.
Income Source and Race Effects on New-Neighbor Evaluations1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 29, Issue 7, pages 1497–1511, July 1999
How to Cite
Kirby, B. J. (1999), Income Source and Race Effects on New-Neighbor Evaluations. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29: 1497–1511. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1999.tb00149.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Two studies investigated the effect of income source and race on ratings of and objections to potential neighbors. Equivalent amounts of income from different sources included work only, work and public assistance, or work and a small inheritance. The race variable included African American, European American, or Hispanic. Subjects for Study 1 were undergraduate psychology students. Subjects for Study 2 were homeowners. Class bias was not a symbolic way to express race bias. There was a clear distinction between class bias and race bias in expression and function. Results indicate that class bias was used when subjects gave ratings of new neighbors. These biased ratings do not correlate with measures of racism. Furthermore, results indicate that objections to the new neighbors were more frequent for those gaining income from sources other than work. The findings indicate that class prejudice based on income source is primary and openly expressed, whereas racial prejudice does not appear as an important contributing factor in this context.