Discrimination Against Ethnic Minorities in Germany: Going Back to the Field1


  • 1

    See Appendix.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Andreas Klink, Friedrich-Schiller Universität Jena, Institut für Psychologie, Lehrstuhl Sozialpsychologie, Humboldtstr. 26, D-07743 Jena, Germany, e-mail: s7klan@uni-jena.de.


A series of 14 field experiments on the differential treatment of ethnic majority and minority groups were conducted. In all studies, German participants were confronted with a German or a foreign confederate (ostensibly a member of the migrant-worker population or a refugee/asylum seeker). In 9 experiments, the foreign confederate received worse treatment than did his German counterpart. Meta-analyses showed a significant overall correlation between ethnic group membership and indexes of discrimination (r= .24), which support the assumption of everyday ethnic discrimination in Germany. Categorizing studies according to the directness of interaction between confederate and participants revealed a significantly stronger discrimination in remote contact situations (r= .34 vs. r= .17), replicating results of a review on American studies by Crosby, Bromley, and Saxe (1980).