Predicting Intentions to Use Condoms: A Meta-Analysis and Comparison of the Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior1

Authors

  • Paschal Sheeran,

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    1. University of Sheffield Sheffield, United Kingdom
      concerning this article should be addressed to Paschal Sheeran, Department of Psycholog, University of Sheffield. Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom. e-mail: p.sheeran@sheffield.ac.uk.
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  • Steven Taylor

    1. University of Sheffield Sheffield, United Kingdom
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  • 1

    We would like to thank Jennifer Boldero, Barbara J. Rye, and Katy White for providing additional data. We also thank Charles Abraham for helpful comments on the manuscript.

concerning this article should be addressed to Paschal Sheeran, Department of Psycholog, University of Sheffield. Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom. e-mail: p.sheeran@sheffield.ac.uk.

Abstract

A meta-analysis was conducted on 23 psychosocial predictors of intentions to use condoms. Data from 67 independent samples were included in the review. Findings demonstrated that demographic, sexual experience, and personality variables had small average correlations with intentions. Knowledge about HIV/AIDS and perceptions of the threat of disease were also weakly related to decisions about using condoms. Attitudes and subjective norms from the theory of reasoned action, on the other hand, demonstrated medium to strong effect sizes. Two components of social influence not specified by the theory of reasoned action also received support. Evidence suggested that perceived behavioral control from the theory of planned behavior was a reliable predictor of behavioral intentions and explained variance over and above the effects of attitudes and subjective norms.

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