We would like to thank Jennifer Boldero, Barbara J. Rye, and Katy White for providing additional data. We also thank Charles Abraham for helpful comments on the manuscript.
Predicting Intentions to Use Condoms: A Meta-Analysis and Comparison of the Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior1
Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 29, Issue 8, pages 1624–1675, August 1999
How to Cite
Sheeran, P. and Taylor, S. (1999), Predicting Intentions to Use Condoms: A Meta-Analysis and Comparison of the Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29: 1624–1675. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1999.tb02045.x
- Issue online: 31 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
A meta-analysis was conducted on 23 psychosocial predictors of intentions to use condoms. Data from 67 independent samples were included in the review. Findings demonstrated that demographic, sexual experience, and personality variables had small average correlations with intentions. Knowledge about HIV/AIDS and perceptions of the threat of disease were also weakly related to decisions about using condoms. Attitudes and subjective norms from the theory of reasoned action, on the other hand, demonstrated medium to strong effect sizes. Two components of social influence not specified by the theory of reasoned action also received support. Evidence suggested that perceived behavioral control from the theory of planned behavior was a reliable predictor of behavioral intentions and explained variance over and above the effects of attitudes and subjective norms.