This study was supported by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) doctoral fellowship awarded to the first author and a Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (CFLRI) grant awarded to the second author. The authors thank James E Maddux from George Mason University for his insight and helpful comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.
Mindful Deliberation About Exercise: Influence of Acute Positive and Negative Thinking1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 30, Issue 12, pages 2513–2533, December 2000
How to Cite
Gyurcsik, N. C. and Brawley, L. R. (2000), Mindful Deliberation About Exercise: Influence of Acute Positive and Negative Thinking. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30: 2513–2533. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02448.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
The purpose was to examine if the acute thoughts that individuals have as a function of deciding whether to exercise influence subsequent motivated behavior. Two questions based on self-efficacy theory were tested. Are immediate, retrospective, or anticipated thoughts predictive of self-efficacy to adhere to regular exercise? Does self-efficacy influence exercise intention and behavior? Participants were 82 healthy adults (M age = 24 years) enrolled in a 10-week exercise program. Social cognitive measures were assessed after 1.5 months of experience, and 3 weeks of exercise were tracked. Multivariate analyses showed that participants who were more positive in their acute retrospective or anticipated thinking exhibited significantly higher self-efficacy and attendance than did negative-thinking counterparts. Multiple regression analyses revealed that acute retrospective and anticipated thoughts were predictors of self-efficacy. In addition, self-efficacy was predictive of future intention and exercise attendance.