We thank David G. Mueller and Jason P. Jolly for their assistance with data collection and dataentry. We also thank two anonymous reviewers for their helpful suggestions.
Collective Guilt and Shame as Motivation for White Support of Black Programs1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 30, Issue 9, pages 1790–1811, September 2000
How to Cite
Harvey, R. D. and Oswald, D. L. (2000), Collective Guilt and Shame as Motivation for White Support of Black Programs. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30: 1790–1811. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02468.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Two studies examined whether exposing Whites to collective guilt- and shame-inducing stimuli would lead to heightened support for Black programs. White participants watched either a civil-rights videotape or one of two control videos and then completed either a self-affirmation task or a filler task. Support for Black programs was measured in a bogus second study. Those who watched the civil-rights video and completed the filler task suppressed their support for Black programs, whereas those who watched the civil-rights video and then self-affirmed displayed the highest levels of Black program support. Findings suggest that Whites might react antisocially to guilt- and shame-inducing situations, and react prosocially only after reaffirming their personal integrity.