Changes in Feeling States Following Aquatic Exercise During Pregnancy


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Curt L. Lox, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, Box 1126, Edwardsville, IL 62026-1126. e-mail:


Forty-four pregnant women participated in water aerobics 2 times per week for a period of 6 weeks, with each session lasting approximately 45 min. The hypothesis that participants would report greater feelings of positive well-being and less psychological distress and fatigue during the 6-week program as compared to preprogram reports was supported. Also supporting our hypothesis, similar improvements were noted following a single bout of exercise during each week of the program. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that regular engagement in an aquatic exercise program is associated with improvements in positive feeling states and reductions in negative feeling states and fatigue for women during pregnancy.