Predictors of Teens' Attitudes Toward Condoms: Gender Differences in the Effects of Norms


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Yuko Mizuno, c/o Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE. Mail Stop E37, Atlanta. GA 30333.


Using data collected from a telephone survey of adolescents aged 15 to 19, we studied predictors of condom attitudes. Analyses were conducted on a sample of 348 sexually active teens. Multiple regression revealed that holding other variables constant being females, African American, perceiving that more of their friends were using condoms (i. e., perceived normative behavior). and stronger perceived normative pressure were significantly associated with favorable condom attitudes. Furthermore, significant interaction effects pointed to gender differences in the association between two types of norms and attitudes toward condoms. Perceived normative behavior had a greater effect on the attitudes of female adolescents. Perceived normative pressure had a greater effect on the attitudes of male adolescents.