We thank Patricia Holselaw, Leslie Hogue, Eric Groeschel, and Meredith Bienkowski for their assistance with data collection on Study 1; and Andrew Baum and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful suggestions. Portions of Study I were presented at the meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Savannah, Georgia, April 1995. Portions of Study 2 were presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, Washington, DC, May 1997.
Disaster Preparedness: Relationships Among Prior Experience, Personal Characteristics, and Distress1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 30, Issue 7, pages 1396–1420, July 2000
How to Cite
Sattler, D. N., Kaiser, C. F. and Hittner, J. B. (2000), Disaster Preparedness: Relationships Among Prior Experience, Personal Characteristics, and Distress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30: 1396–1420. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02527.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
At the peak of a hurricane watch and warning, participants completed a questionnaire asking about their prior experience with a hurricane (property loss and distress), and their degree of preparation, perceived threat, and distress when threatened by Hurricane Emily (Study 1) or Hurricane Fran (Study 2). In Study 1, age, income, internal locus of control, perceived threat, and current distress predicted preparation. Among participants with hurricane experience, age and distress as a result of the hurricane accounted for a significant portion of preparation variance. In Study 2, age, perceived threat, and hurricane experience predicted preparation. The findings support both the conservation of resources stress model (Hobfoll, 1989) and the warning and response model (Lindell & Perry, 1992). Implications of the findings and future research directions are discussed.