A Role for Equity Theory in the Turnover Process: An Empirical Test1


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    The authors greatly appreciate the comments of Peter Horn, Debra Cohen, Peggy Lewis, and two anonymous reviewers on earlier versions of this paper.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Rodger W. Grififeth, Department of Management, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303.


The purpose of the present study was to examine the role of equity theory in the context of the contemporary turnover process. A model was developed and tested with 192 hospital employees using structural equation modeling (SEM), which placed satisfaction and intention to quit as mediators of employee turnover. The results strongly support the present model, but also suggest a role for other mediators, some of which are suggested for future research.