This research was supported by a grant from the Economic and Social Research Council (L211252021) that was awarded to the first author. We would like to thank Lynn Myers for her comments and the Thames Valley Police for their assistance in carrying out this research.
Does Unrealistic Optimism Change Following a Negative Experience?1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 31, Issue 6, pages 1146–1157, June 2001
How to Cite
Mkenna, F. P. and Albery, I. P. (2001), Does Unrealistic Optimism Change Following a Negative Experience?. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31: 1146–1157. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2001.tb02667.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
One important counteracting force that may decrease the effects of unrealistic optimism is personal experience with threat. To examine this hypothesis, several groups were examined who had been exposed to varying degrees of threat. It was found that only those who had been exposed to the most severe threat (being hospitalized after a road accident) showed differential comparative risk estimates from those who had experienced no threat. Differences between these two groups were also found for their self-reported risk behavior. The generality of the debiasing effect was assessed by examining risk perceptions in other domains. It was found that the effect was domain specific.