Self-evaluations after interracial and dyadic interactions were examined. African American and White females interacted with either a same- or different-race partner in one of 3 role conditions: the high-status role of an interviewer, the low-status role of an applicant, or a peer of equal status. Following the interaction, responses to the Collective Self-Esteem scale (Luhtanen & Crocker, 1992) assessed social self-evaluation, while the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and the State Self-Esteem scale (Heather-ton & Polivy. I99I) assessed personal seif-esteem. Combinations of racial composition and situational role had striking influences on self-evaluations. For instance, when situa-tional roles signaled a reversal from societal status, participants reported lower collective self-esteem than when situational and societal status were consistent. Thus, roles can have compelling consequences for self-evaluation after intergroup interactions.