This is a revision of a paper presented at the 10th International Conference on Gambling and Risk-Taking, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 1997. This research was partially supported by a grant from Loto-Quebec to Jeffrey Derevensky.
Underlying Cognitions in Gambling Behavior Among University Students1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 31, Issue 7, pages 1409–1430, July 2001
How to Cite
Baboushkin, H. R., Hardoon, K. K., Derevensky, J. L. and Gupta, R. (2001), Underlying Cognitions in Gambling Behavior Among University Students. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31: 1409–1430. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2001.tb02680.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Differences in underlying cognitions across gambling tasks were examined. The South Oaks Gambling Screen, a measure of pathological gambling, was completed by 60 undergraduate students. They also played computer-simulated games of roulette, slots, and blackjack in a laboratory setting. The “think-aloud” procedure was used to reveal subjects' cognitions, which were subsequently categorized into cognitive heuristics. Individuals were classified as social gamblers with and without problems and probable pathological gamblers. Results reveal that certain heuristics, including references to an explanation of their losses, hindsight bias, personification of the dealer/machine, chasing behavior, and past experiences were most frequently endorsed by probable pathological gamblers. Empirical evidence supports that probable pathological gamblers are qualitatively different from social gamblers in their emitted verbalized cognitive heuristics.