The research reported in this article was supported by the Foundation for Economic, Socio-Cultural, and Environmental Sciences (ESR) of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO; Grant #510–81–504). The author wishes to express his gratitude to György Csepeli, Jannes Hartkamp, Alexander Kolev, Yulian Konstantinov, Maria Koutková, Zdenka Pechacová, David Rotman, Vyacheslav Ryazantsev, Todor Shopov, Krystyna Skarzynska, Sergey Tumanov, and Timea Venczel for their assistance with the data collection.
Effects of Changes in GNP and Perceived Group Characteristics on National and Ethnic Stereotypes in Central and Eastern Europe1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 31, Issue 8, pages 1689–1708, August 2001
How to Cite
POPPE, E. (2001), Effects of Changes in GNP and Perceived Group Characteristics on National and Ethnic Stereotypes in Central and Eastern Europe. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31: 1689–1708. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2001.tb02746.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
This study examines changes in national and ethnic stereotypes between 1994 and 1995 among 625 adolescents from 6 central and eastern European countries. First, it was found that stereotypes of the national in-group and ethnic minority groups were stable, while stereotypes of specific national out-groups changed slightly in some of the countries. Second, the results indicate that foreign out-group stereotypes, in terms of morality, became more negative as a function of the economic deterioration in the perceivers' country. Third, the results show that stereotypes of foreign national groups are affected by changes in perceived economic and relational features of the national states. The results are discussed in relation to self-categorization theory, relative deprivation theory, social identity theory, and scapegoat theory.