The authors thank Jessica Stevens and Rebekah Sosa for their help with the pilot experiment. Also, Jan Bathman, Susan Phipps, Shahara Hughes, the athletic department at New Mexico State University, Powerhouse Gym, and Tom Young's fitness facility were instrumental in data collection.
Predicting Exercise and Health Behavioral Intentions: Attitudes, Subjective Norms, and Other Behavioral Determinants1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 32, Issue 2, pages 342–356, February 2002
How to Cite
Finlay, K. A., Trafimow, D. and Villarreal, A. (2002), Predicting Exercise and Health Behavioral Intentions: Attitudes, Subjective Norms, and Other Behavioral Determinants. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32: 342–356. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb00219.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
By comparing exercise and health domains, the current experiment extends recent findings that within-participant analyses of attitudes and subjective norms predict behavioral intentions well (Finlay, Trafimow, & Moroi, 1999). Within-participant analyses show that health behaviors are particularly likely to be influenced by subjective norms, and those that are relatively normatively influenced are intended to be performed more than those that are not. However, neither was true of exercise behaviors. Additionally, other potential predictors for exercise (e.g., indirect attitudinal measures and goal-oriented attitudes and intentions) correlated more strongly with exercise behavioral intentions than did general health attitudes and intentions.