Team Climate and Procedural Justice as Predictors of Occupational Strain


  • This study was financially supported by the Finnish Work Environment Fund (No. 96052) and the Academy of Finland (Project No. 44968).

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Marko Elovainio, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Laajaniityntie 1, FIN-01620 Vantaa, Finland. E-mail:


The aim of this study was to test the role of procedural justice (PJ) in the relationship between team climate (TC; i.e., accepted and clear goals, participation safety, perceived support for development, and commitment to good performance) and strain. The study population consisted of all the workers at 6 health centers in Finland (n= 688). PJ evaluations were found to have a strong mediating effect on the relationship between TC and occupational strain. This finding was interpreted as supporting the relational model of PJ, which states that people use quality of social relationships as an important indicator of fair treatment and that, in turn, is related to occupational strain.