This project was supported by FIRST Award Grant HL-46736 from the National Institutes of Health to Dawn K. Wilson, and by GCRC Grant M01RR00065 at Virginia Commonwealth University.
Gender Differences in the Relation Between Neighborhood Quality and Cardiovascular Reactivity in African American Adolescents1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 32, Issue 4, pages 865–884, April 2002
How to Cite
Kliewer, W., Wilson, D. K. and Plybon, L. E. (2002), Gender Differences in the Relation Between Neighborhood Quality and Cardiovascular Reactivity in African American Adolescents. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32: 865–884. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb00246.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Although research on the influence of neighborhoods on the development of youth is growing, few researchers have examined the impact of neighborhood quality on physiological outcomes or across gender. The present experiment examined gender differences in the association of neighborhood quality and cardiovascular reactivity (increased blood pressure, BP, in response to stress) among 77 healthy African American adolescents (46% male; M age = 14 years). Participants took part in a cold-face stimulus task to determine reactivity scores. After controlling for baseline BP, family income, and parental education, poorer neighborhood quality was associated with increases in both systolic and diastolic BP to the cold-face task for females, and decreases in BP for males. Adolescents’ reports of life stress and support from family members did not explain the differential effect of neighborhood quality across gender. Implications for future research are discussed.