Gaston Godin holds a Senior Investigator Health Career Award from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada/National Health Research and Development Program.
Prediction of Needle Sharing Among Injection Drug Users1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 32, Issue 7, pages 1361–1378, July 2002
How to Cite
Bélanger, D., Godin, G., Alary, M., Noél, L., Côté, N. and Claessens, C. (2002), Prediction of Needle Sharing Among Injection Drug Users. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32: 1361–1378. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb01441.x
This study was funded by the Conseil québécois de la recherche sociale (CQRS, MSSS du Québec #RS-2905). This study was done in collaboration with community workers at the needle-exchange program Point de Repères, Québec, Canada.
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
The aim of the present study was to identify the psychosocial factors associated with the intention and behavior of not sharing used needles and syringes among 459 intravenous drug users (IDUs). The intention to not share used needles was positively associated with personal normative beliefs and self-efficacy; it was negatively related to the proportion of injections with lending used needles and borrowing syringes from sexual partners. Borrowing used needles was negatively associated with intention whereas loaning syringes was positively related to a negative HIV test result. These results suggest that it is only when a direct personal exposure to HIV infection is possible (borrowing) that intention not to borrow is highlighted. Moreover, being HIV positive appears to reduce loaning used syringes.