This article was based in part on Vincent J. Fortunato's doctoral dissertation completed under the supervision of Kevin J. Williams. The authors thank Gabriel Shapiro for his time and effort in programming the air traffic controller simulation.
The Moderating Effects of Dispositional Affectivity on Performance and Task Attitudes in a Goal-Setting Context1
Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 32, Issue 11, pages 2321–2353, November 2002
How to Cite
Fortunato, V. J. and Williams, K. J. (2002), The Moderating Effects of Dispositional Affectivity on Performance and Task Attitudes in a Goal-Setting Context. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32: 2321–2353. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb01865.x
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 31 JUL 2006
This study examined the effects of goal difficulty, negative affectivity (NA), and positive affectivity (PA) on performance and task attitudes on a complex task. Research participants played an air traffic controller (ATC) simulation and were assigned either an easy or difficult goal at 2 different points in time: early during skill acquisition, and after several experimental trials. We hypothesized that the effect of difficult goals would vary depending on whether they were administered early and late during skill acquisition. We also hypothesized that NA and PA would moderate the effect of goal difficulty. Neither the early nor late goal assignments related to performance or task attitudes as hypothesized. Instead, PA and NA both moderated goal-outcome relationships.