This study was completed with the assistance of a grant from the William T. Grant Foundation (#1801). The authors also gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Joseph P. Tierney, Nancy Resch, Sarah Pepper, and Melba Nicholson, and the cooperation of Big Brothers Big Sisters of America.
Volunteer Mentoring Relationships With Minority Youth: An Analysis of Same- Versus Cross-Race Matches1
Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 32, Issue 10, pages 2114–2133, October 2002
How to Cite
Rhodes, J. E., Reddy, R., Grossman, J. B. and Maxine Lee, J. (2002), Volunteer Mentoring Relationships With Minority Youth: An Analysis of Same- Versus Cross-Race Matches. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32: 2114–2133. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb02066.x
- Issue online: 31 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2006
Despite the growth of youth mentoring programs in recent years, key questions remain regarding the relative importance of making matches on the basis of shared racial background. Both sides of the argument regarding racial matching are presented, followed by a comparison of the effects of same- vs. cross-race matches involving minority youth (N= 476). Minority adolescents were less likely to report initiating alcohol when placed in cross-race matches. In addition, minority boys in same-race matches reported smaller decrements in scholastic competence and self-worth than did minority boys in cross-race matches. Minority girls in same-race matches reported smaller decrements in school value and self-worth than did minority girls in cross-race matches. Youth, parent, and caseworker impressions of the 2 relationship types largely converged, but the few impressions that differed tended to favor cross-race matches. The methodological limitations and implications of this study are discussed.